Periodontal disease is one of the most common oral health problems. It can start as a simple gum disease in the form of gingivitis then progress to something as worse as periodontitis. Periodontal disease ranges from simple gum inflammation to a more serious condition that affects not only your gums, but also the other structures supporting your teeth.
What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease begins with the formation of plaque on the surfaces of your teeth as well as along your gum line. Bacteria live and grow in the plaque deposits in your mouth and to fight off these bacteria, your immune system reacts, leading to inflammation and damage in your gums. When the gums begin to swell, it can already be an indication of gingivitis, which is the very first stage of periodontal disease.
The prevention of periodontal disease should begin from maintaining good oral hygiene and that means regular brushing and flossing, and more importantly, regular visits to your dentist for checkups and cleanings. Dental visits should happen at least once in every six months so that you can stay on top of your oral health and be able to prevent gum problems from happening.
When your brush and floss, you get rid of plaque and bacteria from your mouth but sometimes, this is not enough. There are places in your mouth where your toothbrush cannot reach and these are the places where plaque can easily form. If plaque will not be removed, it can result in the formation of tartar which can only be addressed by a dental cleaning.
The prevention of periodontal disease boils down to good oral hygiene and regular dental visits. This way, you are not only keeping gum problems at bay, you are also protecting your teeth from other oral health problems like decay and cavities.
What treatments are available for periodontal diseases?
- Scaling and Root planing. Scaling is the process of scraping of the tartar deposits from the surfaces of your teeth and along the gum line. This will ensure that your teeth are thoroughly cleaned especially in the hard to reach places in your mouth. Root planing, on the other hand, refers to the smoothening of the rough edges and surfaces on your teeth where bacteria can proliferate.
- Dental crown lengthening. This procedure refers to the process of restoring your teeth and gums by means of removing the excess gum and bone tissue to expose more of the natural teeth.
For more information on the treatments for periodontal diseases, call Buchanan Dental Arts at (914) 737-6300 .